Hand eczema is also known as hand dermatitis. It is a skin disease which the hands become dry, red, cracked, inflamed and will develop a rash. This disease is not contagious although it looks like. The causes of hand dermatitis are the combination of different factors such as hereditary, aggravated by work, or it contacted allergens. This type of eczema is usually acquired by people working that involve metalwork, cleaning, hairdressing, mechanical work or healthcare.
Hand eczema, commonly known as hand dermatitis is inflammation of the skin of hands. It is a non-communicable disease and affects up to 10% of the population commonly. Hands being involved, hand eczema, can have a drastic effect on patient’s work, social life, and self-esteem. There mainly four causes of hand eczema:
Wet Hands: Frequent or prolonged exposure to water can lead to hand eczema. The water removes the skin’s protective oils, and this makes the skin more susceptible to eczema. Chronically wet hands can be an occupational hazard that increases the risk of hand eczema. Hair stylists, nurses, dishwasher and food preparation workers can have an increased risk of hand eczema.
Irritants: Exposure to a wide variety of substances can cause hand eczema. Examples of substances that tend to irritate the skin include cleaners, solvents, shampoos and foods. Mild irritants typically require frequent exposure before causing hand eczema, but strong irritants can cause hand eczema upon initial contact.
Allergies: Allergic contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that frequently affects the hands. Digging in the garden, touching objects, preparing food, and cleaning are common activities that can expose the hands to allergens. Some allergens such as poison ivy are relatively easy to identify and avoid. Other allergens can be more difficult to identify or avoid. Rubber accelerators, a known allergen, turn up in everyday objects such as garden hoses, kitchen utensils, and balloons.
Genetics: Atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema that tends to run in families. A variety of gene combinations coupled with the right environmental triggers can cause hand eczema. The combination of atopic dermatitis and filaggrin null gene mutations can also be associated with early onset of hand eczema and hand eczema persistence.
Treating hand eczema is usually harder to treat because the hands are usually exposed and prone to allergens. Extra care should be done when treating this kind of eczema. Below are ways to how you treat hand eczema.
1. Use prescribed medicines by your dermatologist. Do not use any creams or ointments that you just thought will relieve the pain and itchiness. It could worsen the scenario. Apply or take the proper dosage only.
2. You may use natural cures. Dab onto your skin a green tea herb using a cotton wool ball. It will help prevent the spread of eczema and will nourish the skin once you combine the application with coconut oil.
3. The most used treatment for eczema is the use of corticosteroid medications. However, they have their side effects especially, when used for a prolonged time. Such medications can cause an irritation on the skin. Therefore, to decrease these itching doctor prescribe steroids to their patients. These medications consist of cream or a lotion, which has to be, applied on the affected area. They can reduce the intensity of these breakouts. They can’t eliminate them completely but can only improve the breakout. Such medications remove the redness and itching of eczema. It is also necessary to use antifungal prescriptions with these medications so that no fungal infections happen through them. Many remedies exist in our house for treating eczema.
4. These treatments include that you avoid lotions containing perfumes. Also, refrain from wearing clothes that are too snug and rough. Do not indulge yourself in long baths and instead, rely on short showers. You can also ensure that you do not get this disorder by using mild soap cleansers in baths. Also, dry your body thoroughly after bathing. Do not scratch yourself too much as it can exacerbate the rashes.
5. Use Epsom salt wraps. Prepare a mixture of warm water with two cups of Epsom salt. Soak the surgical gauze in the mixture for 5 to 10 minutes. Get the gauze out of the mixture and wrap your hands. After 30 minutes, remove it and rinse your hands with cold water. Dry your hands with a clean towel. This treatment will cleanse your wounds and eliminate dead skin that causes swelling and itching.
Here are some home remedies for eczema:
You must consult your dermatologist or skin specialist immediately after you notice symptoms and get proper treatment before the situation becomes worse. Some dermatologists who have phototherapy facility can treat chronic eczema, by first applying cream to make hands light sensitive and then irradiated with ultraviolet-A light. Proper treatment can help in eradicating hand eczema.